[Book] Breast Cancer: Its Link to Abortion and the Birth Control Pill

Overview: Breast Cancer and Abortion

Chris Kahlenborn, MD
Reproduced with permission
(chapter two)


1 Russo J, Russo IH. Toward a physiological approach to breast cancer prevention. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. 1994; 3: 353–364. [Back]

2 Russo J, Russo IH. Susceptibility of the mammary gland to carcinogenesis. Am J Pathol. 1980; 100: 497–512. [Back]

3 Segi M, et al. An epidemiological study on cancer in Japan. GANN. 1957; 48: 1–63. [Back]

4 Pike MC, Henderson BE, et al. Oral contraceptive use and early abortion as risk factors for breast cancer in young women. Br J Cancer. 1981; 43: 72–76. [Back]

5 Daling J, Malone K, et al. Risk of breast cancer among young women: relationship to induced abortion. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1994; 86: 1584–1592. [Back]

6 Brind J, Chinchilli M, et al. Induced abortion as an independent risk factor for breast cancer: a comprehensive review and metaanalysis. J Epidemiol Community Health. 10⁄ 1996; 50: 481–496. [Back]

7 Lagnado L. Study on abortion and cancer spurs fight. Wall Street Journal. Oct. 11, 1996. [Back]

8 Melbye M, Wohlfahrt J, et al. Induced abortion and the risk of breast cancer. N Engl J Med . 1997; 336: 81–85. [Back]

9 Brind J, et al. Induced abortion and the risk of breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 1997; 336: 1834. [Back]

10 Lindefors–Harris BM Eklund G, et al. Response bias in a case–control study: analysis utilizing comparative data concerning legal abortions from two independent Swedish studies. Am J Epidemiol. 1991; 134: 1003–1008. [Back]

11 Chilvers C, McPherson K, et al. Oral contraceptive use and breast cancer risk in young women (UK National Case–Control Study Group). The Lances. May 6, 1989: 973–982. [Back]

12 Rookus MA, Leeuwen FE. Oral contraceptives and risk of breast cancer in women ages 20–54 years. The Lances. 1994; 344: 844–851. [Back]

13 Olsson H, Ranstam J, et al. Proliferation and DNA ploidy in malignant breast tumors in relation to early contraceptive use and early abortions. Cancer. 1991; 67: 1285–1290. [Back]

14 Brinton LA, Hoover R, et al. Reproductive factors in the aetiology of breast cancer. Br J Cancer. 1983; 47: 757–762. [Back]

15 Hadjimichael OC, et al. Abortion before first live birth and risk of breast cancer. Br J Cancer. 1986; 53: 281–284. [Back]

16 Rosenberg L, Palmer JR, et al. Breast cancer in relation to the occurrence and time of induced and spontaneous abortion. Am J Epidemiol. 1988; 127: 981–989. [Back]

17 Ewertz M, Duffy SW. Risk of breast cancer in relation to reproductive factors in Denmark. Br J Cancer. 1988; 58: 99–104. [Back]

18 Adami HO, Bergstrom R, Lund E, Meirik O. Absence of association between reproductive variables and the risk of breast cancer in young women in Sweden and Norway. Br J Cancer. 1990; 62: 122–126. [Back]

19 Rookus M, Leeuwen F. Induced abortion and risk for breast cancer: reporting (recall) bias in a Dutch case–control study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1996; 88: 1759–1764. [Back]

20 Clarck RM, Chua T. Breast cancer and pregnancy: the ultimate challenge. Clinical Oncology. 1989; 1: 11–18. [Back]

21 King RM, Welch JS, et al. Carcinoma of the breast associated with pregnancy. Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics. 1985; 160: 228–232. [Back]

22 Canty L. Breast cancer risk: Protective effect of an early first fullterm pregnancy versus increased risk of induced abortion. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1997; 24: 1025–1031. [Back]


Next page: Return to Page One